Tuesday, March 20, 2012

1203.4158 (Stephen Casey et al.)

Twistor geometry of a pair of second order ODEs    [PDF]

Stephen Casey, Maciej Dunajski, Paul Tod
We discuss the twistor correspondence between path geometries in three dimensions with vanishing Wilczynski invariants and anti-self-dual conformal structures of signature $(2, 2)$. We show how to reconstruct a system of ODEs with vanishing invariants for a given conformal structure, highlighting the Ricci-flat case in particular. Using this framework, we give a new derivation of the Wilczynski invariants for a system of ODEs whose solution space is endowed with a conformal structure. We explain how to reconstruct the conformal structure directly from the integral curves, and present new examples of systems of ODEs with point symmetry algebra of dimension four and greater which give rise to anti--self--dual structures with conformal symmetry algebra of the same dimension.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1203.4158

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