Friday, April 27, 2012

1204.5790 (D. Rubeni et al.)

Quantum phase transitions in Bose-Einstein condensates from a Bethe
ansatz perspective

D. Rubeni, A. Foerster, E. Mattei, I. Roditi
We investigate two solvable models for Bose-Einstein condensates and extract physical information by studying the structure of the solutions of their Bethe ansatz equations. A careful observation of these solutions for the ground state of both models, as we vary some parameters of the Hamiltonian, suggests a connection between the behavior of the roots of the Bethe ansatz equations and the physical behavior of the models. Then, by the use of standard techniques for approaching quantum phase transition - gap, entanglement and fidelity - we find that the change in the scenery in the roots of the Bethe ansatz equations is directly related to a quantum phase transition, thus providing an alternative method for its detection.
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