Tuesday, May 1, 2012

1204.6410 (Y. Kucukakca et al.)

LRS Bianchi type I universes exhibiting Noether symmetry in the
scalar-tensor Brans-Dicke theory

Y. Kucukakca, U. Camci, İ. Semiz
Following up on hints of anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMB) data, we investigate locally rotational symmetric (LRS) Bianchi type I spacetimes with non-minimally coupled scalar fields. To single out potentially more interesting solutions, we search for Noether symmetry in this system. We then specialize to the Brans-Dicke (BD) field in such a way that the Lagrangian becomes degenerate (nontrivial) and solve the equations for Noether symmetry and the potential that allows it. Then we find the exact solutions of the equations of motion in terms of three parameters and an arbitrary function. We illustrate with families of examples designed to be generalizations of the well-known power-expansion, exponential expansion and Big Rip models in the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) framework. The solutions display surprising variation, a large subset of which features late-time acceleration as is usually ascribed to dark energy (phantom or quintensence), and is consistent with observational data.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1204.6410

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