Friday, May 4, 2012

1205.0658 (Jørgen E. Andersen et al.)

Topological recursion for chord diagrams, RNA complexes, and cells in
moduli spaces

Jørgen E. Andersen, Leonid O. Chekhov, R. C. Penner, Christian M. Reidys, Piotr Sułkowski
We introduce and study the Hermitian matrix model with potential V(x)=x^2/2-stx/(1-tx), which enumerates the number of linear chord diagrams of fixed genus with specified numbers of backbones generated by s and chords generated by t. For the one-cut solution, the partition function, correlators and free energies are convergent for small t and all s as a perturbation of the Gaussian potential, which arises for st=0. This perturbation is computed using the formalism of the topological recursion. The corresponding enumeration of chord diagrams gives at once the number of RNA complexes of a given topology as well as the number of cells in Riemann's moduli spaces for bordered surfaces. The free energies are computed here in principle for all genera and explicitly for genera less than four.
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