Tuesday, June 12, 2012

1206.2273 (Pavel M. Bleher et al.)

Counting Zeros of Harmonic Rational Functions and Its Application to
Gravitational Lensing

Pavel M. Bleher, Youkow Homma, Lyndon L. Ji, Roland K. W. Roeder
General Relativity gives that finitely many point masses between an observer and a light source create many images of the light source. Positions of these images are solutions of $r(z)=\bar{z},$ where $r(z)$ is a rational function. We study the number of solutions to $p(z) = \bar{z}$ and $r(z) = \bar{z},$ where $p(z)$ and $r(z)$ are polynomials and rational functions, respectively. Upper and lower bounds were previously obtained by Khavinson-\'{S}wi\c{a}tek, Khavinson-Neumann, and Petters. Between these bounds, we show that any number of simple zeros allowed by the Argument Principle occurs and nothing else occurs, off of a proper real algebraic set. If $r(z) = \bar{z}$ describes an $n$-point gravitational lens, we determine the possible numbers of generic images.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1206.2273

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