Tuesday, June 26, 2012

1206.5748 (Calvin W. Johnson)

The origin of order in random matrices with symmetries    [PDF]

Calvin W. Johnson
From Noether's theorem we know symmetries lead to conservation laws. What is left to nature is the ordering of conserved quantities; for example, the quantum numbers of the ground state. In physical systems the ground state is generally associated with `low' quantum numbers and symmetric, low-dimensional irreps, but there is no \textit{a priori} reason to expect this. By constructing random matrices with nontrivial point-group symmetries, I find the ground state is always dominated by extremal low-dimensional irreps. Going further, I suggest this explains the dominance of J=0 g.s. even for random two-body interactions.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1206.5748

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