## Quantum catastrophes: a case study    [PDF]

Miloslav Znojil
The bound-state spectrum of a Hamiltonian H is assumed real in a non-empty domain D of physical values of parameters. This means that for these parameters, H may be called crypto-Hermitian, i.e., made Hermitian via an {\it ad hoc} choice of the inner product in the physical Hilbert space of quantum bound states (i.e., via an {\it ad hoc} construction of the so called metric). The name of quantum catastrophe is then assigned to the N-tuple-exceptional-point crossing, i.e., to the scenario in which we leave domain D along such a path that at the boundary of D, an N-plet of bound state energies degenerates and, subsequently, complexifies. At any fixed $N \geq 2$, this process is simulated via an N by N benchmark effective matrix Hamiltonian H. Finally, it is being assigned such a closed-form metric which is made unique via an N-extrapolation-friendliness requirement.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1206.6000