Tuesday, August 28, 2012

1201.3904 (Vincent Duchêne et al.)

Scattering and Localization Properties of Highly Oscillatory Potentials    [PDF]

Vincent Duchêne, Iva Vukićević, Michael I. Weinstein
We investigate scattering, localization and dispersive time-decay properties for the one-dimensional Schr\"odinger equation with a rapidly oscillating and spatially localized potential, $q_\epsilon=q(x,x/\epsilon)$, where $q(x,y)$ is periodic and mean zero with respect to $y$. Such potentials model a microstructured medium. Homogenization theory fails to capture the correct low-energy ($k$ small) behavior of scattering quantities, e.g. the transmission coefficient, $t^{q_\epsilon}(k)$, as $\epsilon$ tends to zero. We derive an effective potential well, $\sigma^\epsilon_{eff}(x)=-\epsilon^2\Lambda_{eff}(x)$, such that $t^{q_\epsilon}(k)-t^{\sigma^\epsilon_{eff}}(k)$ is uniformly small on $\mathbb{R}$ and small in any bounded subset of a suitable complex strip. Within such a bounded subset, the scaled transmission coefficient has a universal form, depending on a single parameter, which is computable from the effective potential. A consequence is that if $\epsilon$, the scale of oscillation of the microstructure potential, is sufficiently small, then there is a pole of the transmission coefficient (and hence of the resolvent) in the upper half plane, on the imaginary axis at a distance of order $\epsilon^2$ from zero. It follows that the Schr\"odinger operator $H_{q_\epsilon}=-\partial_x^2+q_\epsilon(x)$ has an $L^2$ bound state with negative energy situated at a distance $O(\epsilon^4)$ from the edge of the continuous spectrum. Finally, we use this detailed information to prove a local energy time-decay estimate of the time-dependent Schr\"odinger equation.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1201.3904

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