Wednesday, September 19, 2012

1209.3845 (Jemal Guven et al.)

Confining spheres within hyperspheres    [PDF]

Jemal Guven, José Antonio Santiago, Pablo Vázquez-Montejo
The bending energy of any freely deformable closed surface is quadratic in its curvature. In the absence of constraints, it will be minimized when the surface adopts the form of a round sphere. If the surface is confined within a hypersurface of smaller size, however, this spherical state becomes inaccessible. A framework is introduced to describe the equilibrium states of the confined surface. It is applied to a two-dimensional surface confined within a three-dimensional hypersphere of smaller radius. If the excess surface area is small, the equilibrium states are represented by harmonic deformations of a two-sphere: the ground state is described by a quadrupole; all higher multipoles are shown to be unstable.
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