Monday, December 24, 2012

1212.5333 (Igor Rumanov)

Hard edge for beta-ensembles and Painlevé III    [PDF]

Igor Rumanov
Starting from the diffusion equation at beta random matrix hard edge obtained by Ramirez and Rider (2008), we study the question of its relation with Lax pairs for Painleve III. The results are in many respects similar to the ones found for soft edge by Bloemendal and Virag (2010). In particular, the values beta = 2 and 4 (but not beta = 1) allow for a simple connection with Painlev\'e III solutions and Lax pairs. However, there is an additional surprise for a special relation of parameters where a simple solution of the diffusion equation can be obtained, which is a one-parameter generalization of Gumbel distribution. Our considerations can be extended to the other Painleve equations since the corresponding diffusions are in fact known as nonstationary (imaginary time) Schr\"odinger equations for quantum Painlev\'e Hamiltonians. We also track the hard-to-soft edge limit transition in terms of our Lax pairs.
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