## Waves in Honeycomb Structures    [PDF]

Charles L. Fefferman, Michael I. Weinstein
We review recent work of the authors on the non-relativistic Schr\"odinger equation with a honeycomb lattice potential, $V$. In particular, we summarize results on (i) the existence of Dirac points, conical singularities in dispersion surfaces of $H_V=-\Delta+V$ and (ii) the two-dimensional Dirac equations, as a large, but finite time, effective description of $e^{-iH_Vt}\psi_0$, for data $\psi_0$, which is spectrally localized at a Dirac point. We conclude with a formal derivation and discussion of the effective large time evolution for the nonlinear Schr\"odinger - Gross Pitaevskii equation for small amplitude initial conditions, $\psi_0$. The effective dynamics are governed by a nonlinear Dirac system.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1212.6684