Monday, February 11, 2013

1302.2075 (Martin L. R. Fürst et al.)

Matrix-valued Boltzmann equation for the non-integrable Hubbard chain    [PDF]

Martin L. R. Fürst, Christian B. Mendl, Herbert Spohn
The standard Fermi-Hubbard chain becomes non-integrable by adding to the nearest neighbor hopping additional longer range hopping amplitudes. We assume that the quartic interaction is weak and investigate numerically the dynamics of the chain on the level of the Boltzmann type kinetic equation. Only the spatially homogeneous case is considered. We observe that the huge degeneracy of stationary states in case of nearest neighbor hopping is lost and the convergence to the thermal Fermi-Dirac distribution is restored. The convergence to equilibrium is exponentially fast. However for small n.n.n. hopping amplitudes one has a rapid relaxation towards the manifold of quasi-stationary states and slow relaxation to the final equilibrium state.
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