Tuesday, April 16, 2013

1304.4060 (Jean-François Sadoc et al.)

Phyllotaxis on surfaces of constant Gaussian curvature    [PDF]

Jean-François Sadoc, Jean Charvolin, Nicolas Rivier
A close packed organization with circular symmetry of a large number of small discs on a plane is obtained when the centres of the discs are distributed according to the algorithm of phyllotaxis. We study here the distributions obtained on surfaces of constant Gaussian curvatures, positive for the sphere or negative for the hyperbolic plane. We examine how the properties of homogeneity, isotropy and self-similarity typical of the distribution on the plane, and resulting from the presence of circular grain boundaries with quasicrystalline sequences, are affected by the curvature of the bearing surface. The quasicrystalline sequences of the grain boundaries appear indeed to be structural invariants, but the widths of the grains they separate vary differently with the curvature of the surface. The self similarity of the whole organization observed on the plane is therefore lost on the hyperbolic plane and the sphere. The evolutions of the local order within the grains show no differences except on the equatorial belt of the sphere where the isotropy is decreased owing to the symmetry of this finite surface around its equator.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1304.4060

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