Wednesday, May 1, 2013

1304.8103 (Ole Andersson et al.)

Geometry of quantum dynamics and optimal control for mixed states    [PDF]

Ole Andersson, Hoshang Heydari
Geometric effects make evolution time vary for different evolution curves that connect the same two quantum states. Thus, it is important to be able to control along which path a quantum state evolve to achieve maximal speed in quantum calculations. In this paper we establish fundamental relations between Hamiltonian dynamics and Riemannian structures on the phase spaces of unitarily evolving finite-level quantum systems. In particular, we show that the Riemannian distance between two density operators equals the infimum of the energy dispersions of all possible evolution curves connecting the two density operators. This means, essentially, that the evolution time is a controllable quantity. The paper also contains two applied sections. First, we give a geometric derivation of the Mandelstam-Tamm estimate for the evolution time between two distinguishable mixed states. Secondly, we show how to equip the Hamiltonians acting on systems whose states are represented by invertible density operators with control parameters, and we formulate conditions for these that, when met, makes the Hamiltonians transport density operators along geodesics.
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