## Mellin transforms with only critical zeros: Chebyshev and Gegenbauer functions    [PDF]

Mark W. Coffey, Matthew C. Lettington
We consider the Mellin transforms of certain Chebyshev functions based upon the Chebyshev polynomials. We show that the transforms have polynomial factors whose zeros lie all on the critical line or on the real line. The polynomials with zeros only on the critical line are identified in terms of certain $_3F_2(1)$ hypergeometric functions. Furthermore, we extend this result to a 1-parameter family of polynomials with zeros only on the critical line. These polynomials possess the functional equation $p_n(s;\beta)=(-1)^{\lfloor n/2 \rfloor} p_n(1-s;\beta)$. We then present the generalization to the Mellin transform of certain Gegenbauer functions. The results should be of interest to special function theory, combinatorics, and analytic number theory.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1306.5281