Sunday, July 14, 2013

1104.0189 (Daniel Conus et al.)

On the chaotic character of the stochastic heat equation, before the
onset of intermitttency

Daniel Conus, Mathew Joseph, Davar Khoshnevisan
We consider a nonlinear stochastic heat equation $\partial_tu=\frac{1}{2}\partial_{xx}u+\sigma(u)\partial_{xt}W$, where $\partial_{xt}W$ denotes space-time white noise and $\sigma:\mathbf {R}\to \mathbf {R}$ is Lipschitz continuous. We establish that, at every fixed time $t>0$, the global behavior of the solution depends in a critical manner on the structure of the initial function $u_0$: under suitable conditions on $u_0$ and $\sigma$, $\sup_{x\in \mathbf {R}}u_t(x)$ is a.s. finite when $u_0$ has compact support, whereas with probability one, $\limsup_{|x|\to\infty}u_t(x)/({\log}|x|)^{1/6}>0$ when $u_0$ is bounded uniformly away from zero. This sensitivity to the initial data of the stochastic heat equation is a way to state that the solution to the stochastic heat equation is chaotic at fixed times, well before the onset of intermittency.
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