Wednesday, July 10, 2013

1301.5442 (A. L. Agore et al.)

Extending structures for Lie algebras    [PDF]

A. L. Agore, G. Militaru
Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a Lie algebra, $E$ a vector space containing $\mathfrak{g}$ as a subspace. The paper is devoted to the \emph{extending structures problem} which asks for the classification of all Lie algebra structures on $E$ such that $\mathfrak{g}$ is a Lie subalgebra of $E$. A general product, called the unified product, is introduced as a tool for our approach. Let $V$ be a complement of $\mathfrak{g}$ in $E$: the unified product $\mathfrak{g} \,\natural \, V$ is associated to a system $(\triangleleft, \, \triangleright, \, f, \{-, \, -\})$ consisting of two actions $\triangleleft$ and $\triangleright$, a generalized cocycle $f$ and a twisted Jacobi bracket $\{-, \, -\}$ on $V$. There exists a Lie algebra structure $[-,-]$ on $E$ containing $\mathfrak{g}$ as a Lie subalgebra if and only if there exists an isomorphism of Lie algebras $(E, [-,-]) \cong \mathfrak{g} \,\natural \, V$. All such Lie algebra structures on $E$ are classified by two cohomological type objects which are explicitly constructed. The first one ${\mathcal H}^{2}_{\mathfrak{g}} (V, \mathfrak{g})$ will classify all Lie algebra structures on $E$ up to an isomorphism that stabilizes $\mathfrak{g}$ while the second object ${\mathcal H}^{2} (V, \mathfrak{g})$ provides the classification from the view point ofthe extension problem. Several examples that compute both classifying objects ${\mathcal H}^{2}_{\mathfrak{g}} (V, \mathfrak{g})$ and ${\mathcal H}^{2} (V, \mathfrak{g})$ are worked out in detail in the case of flag extending structures.
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