Monday, July 1, 2013

1306.6906 (Sabine Jansen et al.)

Wigner crystallization in the quantum 1D jellium at all densities    [PDF]

Sabine Jansen, Paul Jung
The jellium is a model, introduced by Wigner (1934), for a gas of electrons moving in a uniform neutralizing background of positive charge. Wigner suggested that the repulsion between electrons might lead to a broken translational symmetry. For classical one-dimensional systems this fact was proven by Kunz (1974), while in the quantum setting, Brascamp and Lieb (1975) proved translation symmetry breaking at low densities. Here, we prove translation symmetry breaking for the quantum one-dimensional jellium at all densities.
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