Friday, May 11, 2012

1205.2124 (Eugenie Hunsicker et al.)

Analysis of Schrödinger operators with inverse square potentials I:
regularity results in 3D

Eugenie Hunsicker, Hengguang Li, Victor Nistor, Ville Uski
Let $V$ be a potential on $\RR^3$ that is smooth everywhere except at a discrete set $\maS$ of points, where it has singularities of the form $Z/\rho^2$, with $\rho(x) = |x - p|$ for $x$ close to $p$ and $Z$ continuous on $\RR^3$ with $Z(p) > -1/4$ for $p \in \maS$. Also assume that $\rho$ and $Z$ are smooth outside $\maS$ and $Z$ is smooth in polar coordinates around each singular point. We either assume that $V$ is periodic or that the set $\maS$ is finite and $V$ extends to a smooth function on the radial compactification of $\RR^3$ that is bounded outside a compact set containing $\maS$. In the periodic case, we let $\Lambda$ be the periodicity lattice and define $\TT := \RR^3/ \Lambda$. We obtain regularity results in weighted Sobolev space for the eigenfunctions of the Schr\"odinger-type operator $H = -\Delta + V$ acting on $L^2(\TT)$, as well as for the induced $\vt k$--Hamiltonians $\Hk$ obtained by restricting the action of $H$ to Bloch waves. Under some additional assumptions, we extend these regularity and solvability results to the non-periodic case. We sketch some applications to approximation of eigenfunctions and eigenvalues that will be studied in more detail in a second paper.
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