Friday, May 11, 2012

1205.2127 (Eugenie Hunsicker et al.)

Analysis of Schrödinger operators with inverse square potentials {II}:
FEM and approximation of eigenfunctions in the periodic case

Eugenie Hunsicker, Hengguang Li, Victor Nistor, Ville Uski
Let $V$ be a {\em periodic} potential on $\RR^3$ that is smooth everywhere except at a discrete set $\maS$ of points, where it has singularities of the form $Z/\rho^2$, with $\rho(x) = |x - p|$ for $x$ close to $p$ and $Z$ is continuous, $Z(p) > -1/4$ for $p \in \maS$. We also assume that $\rho$ and $Z$ are smooth outside $\maS$ and $Z$ is smooth in polar coordinates around each singular point. Let us denote by $\Lambda$ the periodicity lattice and set $\TT := \RR^3/ \Lambda$. In the first paper of this series \cite{HLNU1}, we obtained regularity results in weighted Sobolev space for the eigenfunctions of the Schr\"odinger-type operator $H = -\Delta + V$ acting on $L^2(\TT)$, as well as for the induced $\vt k$--Hamiltonians $\Hk$ obtained by resticting the action of $H$ to Bloch waves. In this paper we present two related applications: one to the Finite Element approximation of the solution of $(L+\Hk) v = f$ and one to the numerical approximation of the eigenvalues, $\lambda$, and eigenfunctions, $u$, of $\Hk$. We give optimal, higher order convergence results for approximation spaces defined piecewise polynomials. Our numerical tests are in good agreement with the theoretical results.
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