Tuesday, June 5, 2012

1206.0045 (I. P. Costa e Silva)

Some remarks on marginally trapped surfaces and geodesic incompleteness    [PDF]

I. P. Costa e Silva
In a recent paper, Eichmair, Galloway and Pollack have proved a Gannon-Lee-type singularity theorem based on the existence of marginally outer trapped surfaces (MOTS) on noncompact initial data sets for globally hyperbolic spacetimes. However, one might wonder whether the corresponding incomplete geodesics could still be complete in a possible non-globally hyperbolic extension of spacetime. In this note, some variants of that result are given with weaker causality assumptions, thus suggesting that the answer is generically negative, at least if the putative extension has no closed timelike curves. However, unlike in the case of MOTS, on which only the outgoing family of normal geodesics is constrained, we have found it necessary in our proofs to impose also a weak convergence condition on the ingoing family of normal geodesics. In other words, we consider marginally trapped surfaces (MTS) in chronological spacetimes, introducing the natural notion of a generic MTS. In particular, a Hawking-Penrose-type singularity theorem is proven in chronological spacetimes with dimensions greater than 2 containing a generic MTS. Such surfaces naturally arise as cross-sections of quasi-local generalizations of black hole horizons, such as dynamical and trapping horizons. We end with some comments on the existence of MTS in initial data sets.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1206.0045

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