Tuesday, July 24, 2012

1207.5303 (Ovidiu Cristinel Stoica)

An Exploration of the Singularities in General Relativity    [PDF]

Ovidiu Cristinel Stoica
In General Relativity, spacetime singularities raise a number of problems, both mathematical and physical. One can identify a class of singularities - with smooth but degenerate metric - which, under a set of conditions, allow us to define proper geometric invariants, and to write field equations, including equations which are equivalent to Einstein's at non-singular points, but remain well-defined and smooth at singularities. This class of singularities is large enough to contain isotropic singularities, warped-product singularities, including the Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker singularities, etc. Also a Big-Bang singularity of this type automatically satisfies Penrose's Weyl curvature hypothesis. The Schwarzschild, Reissner-Nordstrom, and Kerr-Newman singularities apparently are not of this benign type, but we can pass to coordinates in which they become benign. The charged black hole solutions Reissner-Nordstrom and Kerr-Newman can be used to model classical charged particles in General Relativity. Their electromagnetic potential and electromagnetic field are analytic in the new coordinates - they have finite values at r=0. There are hints from Quantum Field Theory and Quantum Gravity that a dimensional reduction is required at small scale. A possible explanation is provided by benign singularities, because some of their properties correspond to a reduction of dimensionality.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1207.5303

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