Tuesday, July 24, 2012

1207.5447 (Martin Grothaus et al.)

Hypocoercivity for Kolmogorov backward evolution equations and

Martin Grothaus, Patrik Stilgenbauer
In this article we extend the modern, powerful and simple abstract Hilbert space strategy for proving hypocoercivity that has been developed originally by Dolbeault, Mouhot and Schmeiser. As well-known, hypocoercivity methods imply an exponential decay to equilibrium with explicit computable rate of convergence. Our extension is now made for studying the long-time behavior of some strongly continuous semigroup generated by a (degenerate) Kolmogorov backward operator L. Additionally, we introduce several domain issues into the framework. Necessary conditions for proving hypocoercivity need then only to be verified on some fixed operator core of L. Furthermore, the setting is also suitable for covering existence and construction problems as required in many applications. The methods are applicable to various, different, Kolmogorov backward evolution problems. As a main part, we apply the extended framework to the (degenerate) spherical velocity Langevin equation. The latter can be seen as some kind of an analogue to the classical Langevin equation in case spherical velocities are required. This model is of important industrial relevance and describes the fiber lay-down in the production process of nonwovens. For the construction of the strongly continuous contraction semigroup we make use of modern hypoellipticity tools and pertubation theory.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1207.5447

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