## On 3-Lie algebras with abelian ideals and subalgebras    [PDF]

RuiPu Bai, Lihong Zhang, Yong Wu, Zhenheng Li
In this paper, we study the maximal dimension $\alpha(L)$ of abelian subalgebras and the maximal dimension $\beta(L)$ of abelian ideals of m-dimensional 3-Lie algebras $L$ over an algebraically closed field. We show that these dimensions do not coincide if the field is of characteristic zero, even for nilpotent 3-Lie algebras. We then prove that 3-Lie algebras with $\beta(L) = m-2$ are 2-step solvable (see definition in Section 2). Furthermore, we give a precise description of these 3-Lie algebras with one or two dimensional derived algebras. In addition, we provide a classification of 3-Lie algebras with $\alpha(L)=\dim L-2$. We also obtain the classification of 3-Lie algebras with $\alpha(L)=\dim L-1$ and with their derived algebras of one dimension.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1208.5861