Tuesday, November 27, 2012

1211.5694 (Oren Louidor et al.)

The Williams Bjerknes Model on Regular Trees    [PDF]

Oren Louidor, Ran J. Tessler, Alexander Vandenberg-Rodes
We consider the Williams Bjerknes model, also known as the biased voter model on the $d$-regular tree $\bbT^d$, where $d \geq 3$. Starting from an initial configuration of "healthy" and "infected" vertices, infected vertices infect their neighbors at Poisson rate $\lambda \geq 1$, while healthy vertices heal their neighbors at Poisson rate 1. All vertices act independently. It is well known that starting from a configuration with a positive but finite number of infected vertices, infected vertices will continue to exist at all time with positive probability iff $\lambda > 1$. We show that there exists a threshold $\lambda_c \in (1, \infty)$ such that if $\lambda > \lambda_c$ then in the above setting with positive probability all vertices will become eventually infected forever, while if $\lambda < \lambda_c$, all vertices will become eventually healthy with probability 1. In particular, this yields a complete convergence theorem for the model and its dual, a certain branching coalescing random walk on $\bbT^d$ -- above $\lambda_c$. We also treat the case of initial configurations chosen according to a distribution which is invariant or ergodic with respect to a group of automorphisms acting transitively on $\bbT^d$.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1211.5694

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