Tuesday, November 27, 2012

1211.5799 (Ramón Castañeda-Priego et al.)

Brownian motion of free particles on curved surfaces    [PDF]

Ramón Castañeda-Priego, Pavel Castro-Villarreal, Sendic Estrada-Jiménez, José Miguel Méndez-Alcaraz
Brownian motion of free particles on curved surfaces is studied by means of the Langevin equation written in Riemann normal coordinates. In the diffusive regime we find the same physical behavior as the one described by the diffusion equation on curved manifolds [J. Stat. Mech. (2010) P08006]. Therefore, we use the latter in order to analytically study the whole diffusive dynamics in compact geometries, namely, the circle and the sphere. Our findings are corroborated by means of Brownian dynamics computer simulations based on a heuristic adaptation of the Ermak-McCammon algorithm to the Langevin equation along curves, as well as on the standard algorithm, but for particles perpendicularly attached to the surface through highly stiff springs. The short-time diffusive dynamics is found to occur on the tangential plane. Besides, at long times and compact geometries, the mean-square displacement moves towards a saturation value given only by the geometrical properties of the surface.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1211.5799

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