Thursday, December 20, 2012

1212.4516 (Richard L. Hall et al.)

Wide effectiveness of a sine basis for quantum-mechanical problems in d

Richard L. Hall, Alexandra Lemus Rodriguez
It is shown that the spanning set for L^2([0, 1]) provided by the eigenfunctions {sqrt{2} sin(n\pi x)}_{n=1}^{\infty} of the particle-in-a-box in quantum mechanics provide a very effective variational basis for more general problems. The basis is scaled to [a,b], where a and b are then used as variational parameters. What is perhaps a natural basis for quantum systems confined to a spherical box in R^d, turns out to be appropriate also for problems that are softly confined by U-shaped potentials, including those with strong singularities at r=0. Specific examples are discussed in detail, along with some bound N-boson systems
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