Tuesday, March 5, 2013

1107.5118 (Zensho Yoshida et al.)

Singular Casimir Elements of the Euler Equation and Equilibrium Points    [PDF]

Zensho Yoshida, Philip J. Morrison, Fernando Dobarro
The problem of the nonequivalence of the sets of equilibrium points and energy-Casimir extremal points, which occurs in the noncanonical Hamiltonian formulation of equations describing ideal fluid and plasma dynamics, is addressed in the context of the Euler equation for an incompressible inviscid fluid. The problem is traced to a Casimir deficit, where Casimir elements constitute the center of the Lie-Poisson algebra underlying the Hamiltonian formulation, and this leads to a study of the symplectic operator defining the Poisson bracket. The kernel of the symplectic operator, for this typical example of an infinite-dimensional Hamiltonian system for media in terms of Eulerian variables, is analyzed. For two-dimensional flows, a rigorously solvable system is formulated. The nonlinearity of the Euler equation makes the symplectic operator inhomogeneous on phase space (the function space of the state variable), and it is seen that this creates a singularity where the nullity of the symplectic operator (the "dimension" of the center) changes. Singular Casimir elements stemming from this singularity are unearthed using a generalization of the functional derivative that occurs in the Poisson bracket.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1107.5118

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