Friday, March 15, 2013

1303.3376 (David J Fisher et al.)

Automorphisms of real Lie algebras of dimension five or less    [PDF]

David J Fisher, Robert J Gray, Peter E Hydon
The Lie algebra version of the Krull-Schmidt Theorem is formulated and proved. This leads to a method for constructing the automorphisms of a direct sum of Lie algebras from the automorphisms of its indecomposable components. For finite-dimensional Lie algebras, there is a well-known algorithm for finding such components, so the theorem considerably simplifies the problem of classifying the automorphism groups. We illustrate this by classifying the automorphisms of all indecomposable real Lie algebras of dimension five or less. Our results are presented very concisely, in tabular form.
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