Monday, March 18, 2013

1303.3633 (Jean-Marie Stéphan et al.)

Logarithmic corrections to the free energy from sharp corners with angle

Jean-Marie Stéphan, Jérôme Dubail
We study subleading corrections to the corner free energy in classical two-dimensional critical systems, focusing on a generic boundary perturbation by the stress-tensor of the underlying conformal field theory (CFT). In the particular case of an angle $2\pi$, we find that there is an unusual correction of the form $L^{-1}\log L$, where $L$ is a typical length scale in the system. This correction also affects the one-point function of an operator near the corner. The prefactor can be seen as semi-universal, in the sense that it depends on a \emph{single} non-universal quantity, the extrapolation length. Once this ultraviolet cutoff is known, the term is entirely fixed by the geometry of the system, and the central charge of the CFT. Such a corner appears for example in the bipartite fidelity of a one-dimensional quantum system at criticality, which allows for several numerical checks in free fermions systems. We also present an exact result in the XX and Ising chains that confirms this analysis. Finally, we consider applications to the time evolution of the (logarithmic) Loschmidt echo and the entanglement entropy following a local quantum quench. Due to subtle issues in analytic continuation, we find that the logarithmic term in imaginary time transforms into a time-dependent $L^{-2}$ correction for the entanglement entropy, and a $L^{-2}\log L$ term for the Loschmidt echo.
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