Friday, March 22, 2013

1303.5210 (Jesper Lykke Jacobsen et al.)

A generalized Beraha conjecture for non-planar graphs    [PDF]

Jesper Lykke Jacobsen, Jesus Salas
We study the partition function Z_{G(nk,k)}(Q,v) of the Q-state Potts model on the family of (non-planar) generalized Petersen graphs G(nk,k). We study its zeros in the plane (Q,v) for 1<= k <= 7. We also consider two specializations of Z_{G(nk,k)}, namely the chromatic polynomial P_{G(nk,k)}(Q) (corresponding to v=-1), and the flow polynomial Phi_{G(nk,k)}(Q) (corresponding to v=-Q). In these two cases, we study their zeros in the complex Q-plane for 1 <= k <= 7. We pay special attention to the accumulation loci of the corresponding zeros when n -> infinity. We observe that the Berker-Kadanoff phase that is present in two-dimensional Potts models, also exists for non-planar recursive graphs. Their qualitative features are the same; but the main difference is that the role played by the Beraha numbers for planar graphs is now played by the non-negative integers for non-planar graphs. At these integer values of Q, there are massive eigenvalue cancellations, in the same way as the eigenvalue cancellations that happen at the Beraha numbers for planar graphs.
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