Friday, April 5, 2013

1304.1164 (Nikolay K. Vitanov et al.)

Waves and distributions connected to systems of interacting populations    [PDF]

Nikolay K. Vitanov, Zlatinka I. Dimitrova, Kaloyan N. Vitanov
We discuss two cases that can be connected to the dynamics of interacting populations: (I.) density waves for the case or negligible random fluctuations of the populations densities, and (II.) probability distributions connected to the model equations for of spatially averaged populations densities for the case of significant random fluctuations of the independent quantity that can be associated with the population density. For the case (I.) we consider model equations containing polynomial nonlinearities. Such nonlinearities can arise as a consequence of interaction among the populations (for the case of large population densities) or as a result of a Taylor series expansion (for the case of small density of interacting populations). In the both cases we can apply the modified method of simplest equation to obtain exact traveling-wave solutions connected to migration of population members. Such solutions are obtained for systems consisting of 1 or 3 populations respectively. For the case (II.) we discuss model equations of the Fokker-Planck kind for the evolution of the statistical distributions of population densities. We derive several stationary distributions for the population density and calculate the expected exit time connected to the extinction of the studied population.
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