Wednesday, April 24, 2013

1304.6277 (A. S. Trushechkin et al.)

Localization properties of squeezed quantum states in nanoscale space

A. S. Trushechkin, I. V. Volovich
We construct families of squeezed quantum states on an interval (depending on boundary conditions, we interpret the interval as a circle or as the infinite square potential well) and obtain estimates of position and momentum dispersions for these states. A particular attention is paid to the possibility of proper localization of a particle in nanoscale space domains. One of the constructed family of squeezed states is based on the theta function. It is a generalization of the known coherent and squeezed states on the circle. Also we construct a family of squeezed states based on truncated Gaussian functions and a family of wave packets based on the discretization of an arbitrary continuous momentum probability distribution. The problem of finiteness of the energy dispersion for the squeezed states in the infinite well is discussed. Finally, we perform the limit of large interval length and the semiclassical limit. As a supplementary general result, we show that an arbitrary physical quantity has a finite dispersion if and only if the wave function of a quantum system belongs to the domain of the corresponding self-adjoint operator. This can be regarded as a physical meaning of the domain of a self-adjoint operator.
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