Thursday, May 23, 2013

1305.4990 (Abraham A. Ungar)

On the Study of Hyperbolic Triangles and Circles by Hyperbolic
Barycentric Coordinates in Relativistic Hyperbolic Geometry

Abraham A. Ungar
Barycentric coordinates are commonly used in Euclidean geometry. Following the adaptation of barycentric coordinates for use in hyperbolic geometry in recently published books on analytic hyperbolic geometry, known and novel results concerning triangles and circles in the hyperbolic geometry of Lobachevsky and Bolyai are discovered. Among the novel results are the hyperbolic counterparts of important theorems in Euclidean geometry. These are: (1) the Inscribed Gyroangle Theorem, (ii) the Gyrotangent-Gyrosecant Theorem, (iii) the Intersecting Gyrosecants Theorem, and (iv) the Intersecting Gyrochord Theorem. Here in gyrolanguage, the language of analytic hyperbolic geometry, we prefix a gyro to any term that describes a concept in Euclidean geometry and in associative algebra to mean the analogous concept in hyperbolic geometry and nonassociative algebra. Outstanding examples are {\it gyrogroups} and {\it gyrovector spaces}, and Einstein addition being both {\it gyrocommutative} and {\it gyroassociative}. The prefix "gyro" stems from "gyration", which is the mathematical abstraction of the special relativistic effect known as "Thomas precession".
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