Friday, June 14, 2013

1306.2984 (Darryl D. Holm et al.)

Toda lattice G-Strands    [PDF]

Darryl D. Holm, Alexander M. Lucas
Hamilton's principle is used to extend for the Toda lattice ODEs to systems of PDEs called the Toda lattice strand equations (T-Strands). The T-Strands in the $n$-particle Toda case comprise $4n-2$ quadratically nonlinear PDEs in one space and one time variable. T-Strands form a symmetric hyperbolic Lie-Poisson Hamiltonian system of quadratically nonlinear PDEs with constant characteristic velocities. The travelling wave solutions for the two-particle T-Strand equations are solved geometrically, and their Lax pair is given to show how nonlinearity affects the solution. The three-particle T-Strands equations are also derived from Hamilton's principle. For both the two-particle and three-particle T-Strand PDEs the determining conditions for the existence of a quadratic zero-curvature relation (ZCR) exactly cancel the nonlinear terms in the PDEs. Thus, the two-particle and three-particle T-Strand PDEs do not pass the ZCR test for integrability.
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