Wednesday, July 3, 2013

1307.0481 (Caroline Kalla et al.)

Baker-Akhiezer spinor kernel and tau-functions on moduli spaces of
meromorphic differentials

Caroline Kalla, Dmitry Korotkin
In this paper we study Baker-Akhiezer spinor kernel on moduli spaces of meromorphic differentials on Riemann surfaces. We introduce the Baker-Akhiezer tau-function which is related to both Bergman tau-function (which was studied before in the context of Hurwitz spaces and spaces of holomorphic and quadratic differentials) and KP tau-function on such spaces. In particular, we derive variational formulas of Rauch-Ahlfors type on moduli spaces of meromorphic differentials with prescribed singularities: we use the system of homological coordinates, consisting of absolute and relative periods of the meromorphic differential, and show how to vary the fundamental objects associated to a Riemann surface (the matrix of $b$-periods, normalized Abelian differentials, the Bergman bidifferential, the Szeg\"o kernel and the Baker-Akhiezer spinor kernel) with respect to these coordinates. The variational formulas encode dependence both on the moduli of the Riemann surface and on the choice of meromorphic differential (variation of the meromorphic differential while keeping the Riemann surface fixed corresponds to flows of KP type). Analyzing the global properties of the Bergman and Baker-Akhiezer tau-functions we establish relationships between various divisor classes on the moduli spaces.
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