Monday, August 5, 2013

1308.0504 (Enrico De Micheli et al.)

Inverse optical imaging viewed as a backward channel communication

Enrico De Micheli, Giovanni Alberto Viano
The inverse problem in optics, which is closely related to the classical question of the resolving power, is reconsidered as a communication channel problem. The main result is the evaluation of the maximum number $M_\epsilon$ of $\epsilon$-distinguishable messages ($\epsilon$ being a bound on the noise of the image) which can be conveyed back from the image to reconstruct the object. We study the case of coherent illumination. By using the concept of Kolmogorov's $\epsilon$-capacity, we obtain: $M_\epsilon ~ 2^{S \log(1/\epsilon)} \to \infty$ as $\epsilon \to 0$, where S is the Shannon number. Moreover, we show that the $\epsilon$-capacity in inverse optical imaging is nearly equal to the amount of information on the object which is contained in the image. We thus compare the results obtained through the classical information theory, which is based on the probability theory, with those derived from a form of topological information theory, based on Kolmogorov's $\epsilon$-entropy and $\epsilon$-capacity, which are concepts related to the evaluation of the massiveness of compact sets.
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