Friday, June 15, 2012

1206.3147 (A. Gorsky et al.)

From elongated spanning trees to vicious random walks    [PDF]

A. Gorsky, S. Nechaev, V. S. Poghosyan, V. B. Priezzhev
Given a spanning forest on a large square lattice, we consider by combinatorial methods a correlation function of $k$ paths ($k$ is odd) along branches of trees or, equivalently, $k$ loop--erased random walks. Starting and ending points of the paths are grouped in a fashion a $k$--leg watermelon. For large distance $r$ between groups of starting and ending points, the ratio of the number of watermelon configurations to the total number of spanning trees behaves as $r^{-\nu} \log r$ with $\nu = (k^2-1)/2$. Considering the spanning forest stretched along the meridian of this watermelon, we see that the two--dimensional $k$--leg loop--erased watermelon exponent $\nu$ is converting into the scaling exponent for the reunion probability (at a given point) of $k$ (1+1)--dimensional vicious walkers, $\tilde{\nu} = k^2/2$. Also, we express the conjectures about the possible relation to integrable systems.
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