Monday, October 22, 2012

1210.5400 (Satya N. Majumdar et al.)

Large deviations of the top eigenvalue of large Cauchy random matrices    [PDF]

Satya N. Majumdar, Gregory Schehr, Dario Villamaina, Pierpaolo Vivo
We compute analytically the probability density function (pdf) of the largest eigenvalue $\lambda_{\max}$ in rotationally invariant Cauchy ensembles of $N\times N$ matrices. We consider unitary ($\beta = 2$), orthogonal ($\beta =1$) and symplectic ($\beta=4$) ensembles of such heavy-tailed random matrices. We show that a central non-Gaussian regime for $\lambda_{\max} \sim \mathcal{O}(N)$ is flanked by large deviation tails on both sides which we compute here exactly for any value of $\beta$. By matching these tails with the central regime, we obtain the exact leading asymptotic behaviors of the pdf in the central regime, which generalizes the Tracy-Widom distribution known for Gaussian ensembles, both at small and large arguments and for any $\beta$. Our analytical results are confirmed by numerical simulations.
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