Wednesday, December 5, 2012

1212.0183 (Dong Li)

On a frequency localized Bernstein inequality and some generalized
Poincare-type inequalities

Dong Li
We consider a frequency localized Bernstein inequality for the fractional Laplacian operator which has wide applications in fluid dynamics such as dissipative surface quasi-geostrophic equations. We use a heat flow reformulation and prove the inequality for the full range of parameters and in all dimensions. A crucial observation is that after frequency projection the zero frequency part of the L\'{e}vy semigroup does not participate in the inequality and therefore can be freely adjusted. Our proof is based on this idea and a careful perturbation of the L\'{e}vy semigroup near the zero frequency which preserves the positivity and improves the time decay. Several alternative proofs (with weaker results) are also included. As an application we also give new proofs of some generalized Poincare type inequalities.
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