Tuesday, December 18, 2012

1212.3718 (Sven Bachmann et al.)

Product vacua with boundary states and the classification of gapped

Sven Bachmann, Bruno Nachtergaele
We address the question of the classification of gapped ground states in one dimension that cannot be distinguished by a local order parameter. We introduce a family of quantum spin systems on the one-dimensional chain that have a unique gapped ground state in the thermodynamic limit that is a simple product state but which on the left and right half-infinite chains, have additional zero energy edge states. The models, which we call Product Vacua with Boundary States (PVBS), form phases that depend only on two integers corresponding to the number of edge states at each boundary. They can serve as representatives of equivalence classes of such gapped ground states phases and we show how the AKLT model and its $SO(2J+1)$-invariant generalizations fit into this classification.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1212.3718

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