Tuesday, December 18, 2012

1212.3880 (Yoshimasa Kurihara)

Classical Information-Theoretical View of Physical Measurements and
Generalized Uncertainty Relations

Yoshimasa Kurihara
General characterizations of physical measurements are discussed within the framework of the classical information theory. The uncertainty relation for simultaneous measurements of two physical observables is defined in this framework for generalized dynamic systems governed by a Sturm--Liouville type of equation of motion. In the first step, the reduction of Kennard--Robertson type uncertainties due to boundary conditions with a mean-square error is discussed quantitatively with reference to the information entropy. Several concrete examples of generalized uncertainty relations are given. Then, by considering disturbance effects, a universally valid uncertainty relation is investigated for the generalized equation of motion with a certain boundary condition. Necessary conditions for violation (reduction) of the Heisenberg-type uncertainty relation are discussed in detail. The reduction of the generalized uncertainty relation due to the boundary condition is then tested experimentally by re-analyzing data for measured electron densities in a hydrogen molecule encapsulated in a fullerene C60 cage.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1212.3880

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