## Hill's Equation with Small Fluctuations: Cycle to Cycle Variations and Stochastic Processes    [PDF]

Fred C. Adams, Anthony M. Bloch
Hill's equations arise in a wide variety of physical problems, and are specified by a natural frequency, a periodic forcing function, and a forcing strength parameter. This classic problem is generalized here in two ways: [A] to Random Hill's equations which allow the forcing strength q_k, the oscillation frequency \lambda_k, and the period \tau_k of the forcing function to vary from cycle to cycle, and [B] to Stochastic Hill's equations which contain (at least) one additional term that is a stochastic process \xi. This paper considers both random and stochastic Hill's equations with small parameter variations, so that p_k=q_k-, \ell_k=\lambda_k-<\lambda_k>, and \xi are all O(\epsilon), where \epsilon<<1. We show that random Hill's equations and stochastic Hill's equations have the same growth rates when the parameter variations p_k and \ell_k obey certain constraints given in terms of the moments of \xi. For random Hill's equations, the growth rates for the solutions are given by the growth rates of a matrix transformation, under matrix multiplication, where the matrix elements vary from cycle to cycle. Unlike classic Hill's equations where the parameter space (the \lambda-q plane) displays bands of stable solutions interlaced with bands of unstable solutions, random Hill's equations are generically unstable. We find analytic approximations for the growth rates of the instability; for the regime where Hill's equation is classically stable, and the parameter variations are small, the growth rate \gamma = O(\epsilon^2). Using the relationship between the (\ell_k,p_k) and the \xi, this result for \gamma can be used to find growth rates for stochastic Hill's equations.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1303.3918