Thursday, July 25, 2013

1307.6385 (Gioia Carinci et al.)

Hydrodynamic limit in a particle system with topological interactions    [PDF]

Gioia Carinci, Anna De Masi, Cristian Giardinà, Errico Presutti
We study a system of particles in the interval $[0,\eps^{-1}]\cap \mathbb Z$, $\eps^{-1}$ a positive integer. The particles move as symmetric independent random walks (with reflections at the endpoints); simultaneously new particles are injected at site 0 at rate $j\eps$ ($j>0$) and removed at same rate from the rightmost occupied site. The removal mechanism is therefore of topological rather than metric nature. The determination of the rightmost occupied site requires a knowledge of the entire configuration and prevents from using correlation functions techniques. We prove using stochastic inequalities that the system has a hydrodynamic limit, namely that under suitable assumptions on the initial configurations, the law of the density fields $\eps \sum \phi(\eps x) \xi_{\eps^{-2}t}(x)$ ($\phi$ a test function, $\xi_t(x)$ the number of particles at site $x$ at time $t$) concentrates in the limit $\eps\to 0$ on the deterministic value $\int \phi \rho_t$, $\rho_t$ interpreted as the limit density at time $t$. We characterize the limit $\rho_t$ as a weak solution in terms of barriers of a limit free boundary problem.
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